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Albert Einstein Essay

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❶A month later, Einstein's works were among those targeted by the German Student Union in the Nazi book burnings , with Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels proclaiming, "Jewish intellectualism is dead. E10 and E33; Chap.

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Albert Einstein Essay

Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften , pt. Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte , part 2 , — Einstein still has not derived correct field equations, but he derives the geodesic motion of point particles, relates gravitational fields to rotation, and re-derives his results about the bending of light and gravitational redshift using the new metric tensor theory. Scientia Bologna , 15 , — link. Listed only by title; same lecture as publication Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft , 96 pt.

Antwort auf eine Abhandlung M. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft , 17 , —, Berichtigung , First of Einstein's four papers in November Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte , part 2 , —, — The first paper had corrected a fundamental misconception and had allowed Einstein to finish; however, the second introduced a serious mistake.

A pivotal paper in which Einstein shows that general relativity explains the anomalous precession of the planet Mercury , which had vexed astronomers since This paper also introduced the important calculational method, the post-Newtonian expansion. Einstein also calculated correctly for the first time the bending of light by gravity.

This is the defining paper of general relativity. At long last, Einstein had found workable field equations, which served as the basis for subsequent derivations. Proceedings of the Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam , 18 , —, link [ permanent dead link ]. Final consolidation by Einstein of his various papers on the subject - in particular, his four papers in November On Einstein's Equivalence Hypothesis and Gravitation.

This paper introduced the idea of stimulated emission which led to the laser and maser , and Einstein's A and B coefficients provided a guide for the development of quantum electrodynamics , the most accurately tested theory of physics at present. In this work, Einstein begins to realize that quantum mechanics seems to involve probabilities and a breakdown of causality.

This was confirmed in by Compton scattering , for which the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded and which led to the general acceptance to the photon concept. Statistical Theories in Thermodynamics: General relativity [] The first prediction of gravitational waves. Such gravitational radiation has been observed indirectly , for which the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded, and observed directly , on Earth, in Two Lectures on Goethe.

Under certain simplifying assumptions, general relativity describes the birth , the expansion and the ultimate fate of the Universe. Bemerkung zu Gehrckes Notiz: Lectures on General Relativity.

Energiekomponenten des Gravitationsfeldes Note on E. The Energy Components of the Gravitational Field. Kritisches zu einer von Hrn. Spielen Gravitationsfelder im Aufbau der materiellen Elementarteilchen eine wesentliche Rolle? Bemerkung zur Abhandlung von W. Contribution to the Theory of the Viscosity of Heterogeneous Systems. Notes on the page proofs with corrections.

My Response on the Anti-Relativity Company. Report of a lecture at King's College on the development and present position of relativity, with quotations.

The German text is reproduced in Mein Weltbild pp. It was also reported in Nature , p. Bemerkung zur Seletyschen Arbeit: Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phys. Klasse , , 18— Bemerkung zu der Abhandlung von E. Klasse , , — Bemerkung zu der Arbeit von A. Bemerkung zu der Notiz von W.

Classical unified field theories. Grommer; also given in Hebrew. Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 32—38, 76— Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , — Antwort auf eine Bemerkung von W. Anderson Response to an Observation of W. Photons and statistical mechanics. In , Satyendra Nath Bose derived Planck's law of black-body radiation from a modification of coarse-grained counting of phase space.

Einstein also extends Bose's formalism to material particles bosons , predicting that they condense at sufficiently low temperatures, as verified experimentally. Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft , pt. Treatment of the physics of radiometers , a science toy. Quantentheorie des einatomigen idealen Gases. Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Berlin , Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 3— Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Berlin , Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 18— Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Berlin , Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , — Theorie der Quantenstrahlung Observation on P.

Mathematische Annalen , 97 , 99— link. Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 23— Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 2—13, — Reprinted in Mein Weltbild The world as I see it , p.

Planck [bei Entgegennahme der Planckmedaille] Address to Prof. Reprinted in the Observatory , 52 , 82—87, — Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 2—7.

Einstein's discussions with RG Loyarte on mass-energy equivalence and with H Damianovich on the relevance of relativity for a proposed "chemical field". A widely reported address, e. Mathematische Annalen , , — link. Erkenntnistheorie Review of S. Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 18— Leigh Page of Yale University was provided on pages 7— This was neither a scientific talk nor a typical scientific paper; rather, a Yale graduate convinced Einstein to write the summary by longhand; the manuscript is still housed at Yale.

Rhodes lectures delivered at Oxford University in May Tolman and Boris Podolsky. Gravitational and electromagnetic fields [Translation of a preliminary report for the Josiah Macy, Jr.

Gedenkworte auf Albert A. Michelson In Remembrance of Albert A. Berliners siebzigstem Geburtstag On Dr. Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society , 41 , —, link [ permanent dead link ]. This important paper established that gravitational waves are possible despite the nonlinear nature of the Einstein field equations.

Einstein and Rosen originally reached the opposite conclusion. Demonstration of the non-existence of gravitational fields with a non-vanishing total mass free of singularities. A pre-printing of the appendix to publication Corrections and additions, ibid.

Technion Journal , 5 , 16—17, link [ permanent dead link ]. Zu Max Plancks Ansprachen in der deutschen physikalischen Gesellschaft , pp. Rijksuniversiteit Naturkundig Laboratorium, Gedenkboek aangeboden aan H. Kamerlingh Onnes , pp. Eddingtons Theorie und Hamiltonsches Prinzip Appendix: Die Physik , 2. Both Yiddish and German versions are provided. Celebratory Work for Dr. California Institute of Technology Pasadena. Reported in the New York Times September 11, , p. Reprinted from The world as I see it.

Although dated as , the actual issue occurred in Appendix II added to the third edition of the Meaning of Relativity publication History of science and philosophy of physics. Same as journal publication Other editions and translations are found in publications , , , — , , and Other editions and translations are found in publication and , , — , , and The first edition of this book is listed as publication Editions of this work were published until the 14th edition.

Editions 10—14 contained an additional section "Rotverschiebung der Spectrallinien" Redshift of spectral lines in the appendix. Rede gehalten am 5. An undated Polish translation by L.

Freundenheim, Eter a teorja wzglednosci , was published in Lviv. French, English and Italian translations are listed as publications , , and An undated Polish translation, Geometrja a doswiadczenie , was published in Lviv. German text of publication A second printing by Vieweg is dated A re-issue of publications 8 , 11 , 12 , 22 , and 26 with notes and derivations from the editor, R.

An English translation appeared as publication Reprinted in Nobelstiftelsen, Les prix Nobel en — French translations of publications 89 and by Maurice Solovine, together with a new essay by Einstein, "Sur la structure cosmologique de l'espace", which discusses the cosmological implications of general relativity, together with its historical antecedents. The Evolution of Physics: Co-authored with Infeld L. The appendix was translated by Ernst G.

A "third edition" was published in by Methuen London , but it is identical except for a change in pagination. The true third, fourth and fifth editions appeared in , and , respectively. In the 3rd, Einstein added Appendix II on a generalized theory of gravitation, which was substantially revised for the fifth and final edition.

The work of Hermann Minkowski is also included. Authorized translation of the 5th German edition of Ueber die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitaetstheorie, gemeinverstaendlich cf. The text also includes Dr. Lawson's biographical sketch of Albert Einstein, a short bibliography on relativity theory and an appendix written for this edition entitled "Experimental confirmation of the general theory of relativity".

Up to 10 editions were published by Methuen, the last in Effectively the same as publication Spanish translation of publication Italian translation of publication Russian translation of publication Re-published in with the same imprint.

French translation of publication Princeton University Press Princeton. Also released in and under the imprint Methuen London. Translations are found in publications , , and , whereas the German text is listed as publication A second edition was also released; see publication A second edition was also published by Gauthier in Translation of publications and Republished in by Dutton New York imprint.

The second part, Geometry and Experience , was published separately in as chapter 8 of Methods of the sciences from the Chicago University.

Italian translation of publications and Hungarian translation of publication Russian translation of publications and under the title "Physical nature of space". Polish translation of publication Yiddish translation in Hebrew characters of publication A second printing was dated English translation of publication Also published under the Dutton imprint in New York. He thought the teachers were too strict. They always wanted the children to remember a lot of facts.

Albert had trouble memorizing words. He felt more comfortable with numbers and ideas. Albert knew so much about these subjects that sometimes his teachers did not know the answers to his questions. He studied math and science outside of school, too. After graduation he was accepted into the Polytechnic School, a famous science college in Zurich, Switzerland. He had decided to become a science teacher. Albert Einstein has been called the greatest scientist of all time.

Einstein gave the world new ways of thinking about space, time, motion and energy. His discoveries opened the door to the development of television, lasers, transistors, computer chips, nuclear power, and space exploration.

Einstein began his work in the early years of the s. The turn of the century was an exciting time for the budding scientist. Until this time, the field of physics revolved around laws set down by Sir Isaac Newton in the s.

Newtonian physics had held up to experiments for more than two centuries. His idea explained why and how material objects behaved.

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- Albert Einstein Albert Einstein () is believed to be the greatest scientist of the 20th century. He developed many theories that led to many breakthroughs. With his well-known famous look, the white messy hair and the absent-minded look on his face, he was the perfect example of the typical scientist.

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Albert and other scientist sent a letter to President Roosevelt and told him to start an atomic bomb project also. That is why the Manhattan project was started. Einstein helped to make the first two atomic Bombs. Albert Einstein died in , in Princeton, New Jersey.

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Albert Einstein German-born American physicist and philosopher. Einstein is generally acknowledged as the preeminent scientist of the twentieth century who challenged and disproved fundamental ideas concerning the physical universe. Albert Einstein Essay Words | 7 Pages. miracle." Albert Einstein was the first child born to Hermann and Pauline Einstein, Jewish, middle-class Germans, on March 14, at Ulm, in Wurttemberg, Germany. Albert's sister, Maria, was born in November of

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Essay about Albert Einstein Ulm Württemberg Germany in , Albert Einstein developed the special and general theories of relativity. At the age of 19 s In , he won the noble prize for physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. Albert Einstein. Albert Einstein is considered one of the greatest scientists and geniuses of all time. Albert Einstein was the one who discovered the scientific formula E=MC2 which stands for energy and mass. Albert Einstein won a Nobel Peace Prize in for his work in Physics.