Purdue Online Writing Lab. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: In MLA, you collect all your references on a Works Cited list that appears after the last page of your paper. In addition, when you quote or paraphrase a source in your paper's text, you include an in-text citation to note it.
Create a separate reference list page after the last page of your paper -- it should also follow any endnotes. Title this page, "Works Cited. List the source's author, with the last name first, followed by a comma and the first name. Then include the work's title in italics, the location and name of its publisher, the year of publication and the medium of publication -- print or Web, for example.
Separate publisher location and name with a colon, and publisher name and year with a comma. All other items should be followed with a period. For instance, a book citation would appear as follows:. To cite an article from a larger work, such as a newspaper, magazine or academic journal, include the article name in quotes, followed by the larger work's name in italics. Place a period at the end of the article name, inside the quotes.
Place a comma after the larger work's title, include the date of the article, a colon and the page number or numbers on which the article appears:. The following overview should help you better understand how to cite sources using MLA eighth edition, including the list of works cited and in-text citations.
MLA is a style of documentation based on a general methodology that may be applied to many different types of writing. Since texts have become increasingly mobile, and the same document may often be found in several different sources, following a set of rigid rules no longer suffices. Thus, the current system is based on a few guiding principles, rather than an extensive list of specific rules.
While the handbook still describes how to cite sources, it is organized according to the process of documentation, rather than by the sources themselves. This gives writers a flexible method that is near-universally applicable.
Once you are familiar with the method, you can use it to document any type of source, for any type of paper, in any field. When deciding how to cite your source, start by consulting the list of core elements. In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order:. Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here.
Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elements , and information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks.
Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located. For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container.
The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books , or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
How to Cite an Essay Online in MLA. This is similar to a chapter in a book or anthology. Cite the author of the essay, the name of the essay, the name of the collection, the editor of the collection, the publication information, and the page number(s) of the essay.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
Writing a paper is hard enough. AS if it was not hard enough, you must also cite all the sources that you have used appropriately. Whenever you have a difficulty with citation, this website is there for you! Our team has developed the best MLA citation tool, so you can stop worrying about formatting your paper. To cite an article from a larger work, such as a newspaper, magazine or academic journal, include the article name in quotes, followed by the larger work's name in italics. Place a period at the end of the article name, inside the quotes.
This resource contains a sample MLA paper that adheres to the updates. To download the MLA sample paper, select the MLA Sample Paper PDF file in . To properly cite an essay that appears in a magazine, you'll need to take note of the essay's author, the page numbers that the essay appears on, the title of the essay and the published date of the magazine or journal.