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The Second Opium War

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❶In the late 's the British was smuggling the drug into China for non-medical use.

Essay title: Opium War

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He may hold concluded that the Anglo-Chinese armed struggle would hold occurred, whether there was opium trade or non. The Western powers would hold aggressed against China even if Britain had non, and that Chinese nationalist today would hold a sense of ailment even if Sino-Westerners dealingss had avoided warfare.

These guesss ensue from the cardinal fact that Chinese civilisation had developed its ain alone ways, distinct from Western ways, but that by it had lost the power to prolong itself vis-? The regulation of a million or so Manchus over some million Chinese was a symptom of the in.

Which made it act rather otherwise from a modern nation-state. The China of today, where a late-maturing nationalism now views the past with a significant was experiencing of humiliation. The Nipponese Restoration was as briskly accomplished as the protagonists of the Imperial cause had intricately prepared it for. The forces, which eventually drive the Emperor in front into the state of affairs of an active swayer, were of random graduated table of power and of different beginning, rational idealistic, political, and military, some at work for peculiar centuries and others the decision of the two decennaries outright predating the event.

Many of these events have been internal, involving struggles within China. Others have been external, such as the Opium War. The Opium War is more than just a war, the results and changes it made created a deep impact on China and the Western World. China considered itself better than any other civilizations. The Chinese believed the Chinese empire was the Central Kingdom in the ideal world order. The Emperor of China was thought to be the elder brother of all surrounding kings and emperors.

China had little contact with the West due to the fact that natural and political barriers were in the way. China lacked all appreciation for the West, and as trade with the West opened up in the early 16th century, foreigners were continually looked down upon.

As the trade between China and the West grew, the unequal trading between the two became very obvious. The growing demand in the West for tea, Chinese silk, medicine, and porcelain led to the booming trade in China. These goods were expensive, but the West had little to offer to China except for silver. However, China was going through a silver and copper crisis. Silver was worth much more than copper, the exchange rate being around 1, copper cash for one ounce tael of silver.

But while silver was worth more than copper, more and more copper was being produced. This led to inflation of copper. Since taxes could only be paid in copper according the value of copper in silver, people were losing money. At the same time there was an annual drain of silver. This drain of silver scared people which led them to hoard and value their silver, leaving more silver out of circulation.

The East India Company, which was a British trading Company, was soon trading silver for tea as the demand for tea increased in the West. This trade led the East India Co. Trading monopolies with Chinese merchants and the unfair tariffs and taxes made the situation even more difficult.

A triangle trade was created to work off the debt, by having the cotton from India sold, and then that money was used to by tea.

However, the East India Co. So finally the East India Co. Opium was an ideal trade item. It was used as a medicine in China for thousands of years. Being an addictive drug, it became very popular in China. The East India Co. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. More Essay Examples on War Rubric. In the mid imperialism was on the rise. Every country especially those ion the West were looking for every possible opportunity to expand their territories. Some of the targeted goals by Western countries, Britain among them included expanding their markets in overseas countries and establishing new ports.

France and Britain came to an agreement that after twelve years they would go back to the table and renegotiate. One of their target areas where Britain sought to establish new markets was China. In their negotiations with China, Britain made some demands which were altering the Nanjing treaty of and this did not go down well with Qing authorities who out rightly rejected these demands.

Some of the demands made by Britain included making the whole of China open to merchants of British origin, to exempt from paying duties all imports from foreign countries, to suppress al forms of piracy at all levels to have a British ambassador residing in the capital city of China, Beijing. Yet another demand from the British quarters was that any treaty in English language should overtake all other of Chinese origin. These demands were rejected by the Chinese authorities and the conflict which later gave way to the Arrow War began Jules, D.

In the year some officials from China boarded a ship owned by China known as The Arrow. This ship was under great suspicion that it was being used to carry out among other illegal activities, piracy and smuggling of goods. At least twelve people of Chinese nationality were arrested and detained. British on the other hand ordered that the sailors be released arguing that The Arrow having been previously registered in Hong Kong had since been registered in Britain and thus was under the protection of the Nanjing Treaty of Leavenworth, However this argument advanced by Britain was considered weak and it is then that Britain changed the argument and now claimed that the ship has been flying a British flag commonly known as ensign in marine language which they argued had been abused by the Chinese sailors.

The feud between China and Britain had now heightened. Britain sought assistance from France in order to be able to handle the resistance from Chinese authorities. Having formed a combined force of both French and British military, the British were determined to have their way despite opposition from China. One of the major incidents that took place in Hong Kong that demonstrated the heightened rivalry between Britain and China was when there was an attempt to poison the entire town of Europe.

However this did not go through when those in charge of the inside deal of poisoning breads sabotaged the whole thing by putting in excess the poison such that it could be easily detected. This became a major issue in Britain with all those who seemed or appeared to support China getting heavy discouragements and blows Jules, The then parliament was dissolved and the incoming parliament agreed on seeking redress for the Arrow Incident which angered Britain.

The major incident that encouraged France to gang up against China was the murder of a French missionary Auguste Chapdelain in a small province known as Guangxi by the China authorities.


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- The Opium War was a war fought by two countries Great Britain and china in The war was fought over the drug opium which was used by the Chinese for hundreds of year to relieve pain. opium is a habit forming narcotic made from the poppy plant.

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The Opium War of China, beginning in January , was a major Turning Point in history which subsequently affected a great number of the Chinese population of million. However, to say that the Opium War happened completely without warning is a completely inaccurate/5(6).

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Apr 30,  · The Opium War was a war fought by two countries Great Britain and china in The war was fought over the drug opium which was used by the Chinese for hundreds of year to relieve pain. opium is a habit forming narcotic made from the poppy plant. The wars consisted of First Opium War that happened from to and Second Opium War from to Opium is chemically processed to produce heroin and was rare in China. Many Chinese people very much demanded the drug.

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The Opium Warsinstigated in two interregnums from to known as first opium war and from to known as second opium war were the apex of conflicts between the British Empire and Qing Dynasty. The disputes between two imperial powers ranged from thorny diplomatic relations to uneasy trade ties. The Opium War was a war fought by two countries Great Britain and china in The war was fought over the drug opium which was used by the Chinese for hundreds of year to relieve pain. opium is a habit forming narcotic made from the poppy plant.